Some people who had UBS accounts entered the voluntary disclosure program. This program — procedures in place for decades — says in a nonbinding way that if you come forward voluntarily, confess your sins, and cooperate with the IRS you will not be prosecuted for criminal tax evasion.
The IRS has taken several of these UBS account holders who in fact did have a timely and valid voluntary disclosure. Guess what? Criminal charges.
Letter from prominent criminal tax practitioners
Here is a letter that was sent to the IRS Commissioner on March 30, 2010. The letter was kept confidential for a while by the signatories, then released publicly last week. They see — and they’re right — that the IRS is engaged in a giant game of “gotcha.” The IRS is trading short-term revenue collection for long term damage to the integrity of the tax system.
Draw your own conclusions.
March 30, 2010
The Honorable Douglas H. Shulman Commissioner of Internal Revenue Internal Revenue Service 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW Room 3000 Washington, DC 20224
John DiCicco, Esq. Acting Assistant Attorney General Department of Justice Tax Division 950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Room 4137 Washington, DC 20530
The undersigned are private practitioners who specialize in criminal tax matters. Many of us have served in senior tax enforcement positions in the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Justice. We have all spent our careers in the public and private sectors advancing tax compliance and good tax enforcement policy, and we have always believed that a core component of the IRS compliance mission is its Voluntary Disclosure Policy (“VDP”). The decades old VDP embodies a determination that our tax system benefits from having a mechanism for non-compliant individuals to come forward and avoid criminal prosecution by disclosing their prior misconduct.
We write as a group to address a development that could jeopardize the VDP at the height of its visibility and success, as it recently brought thousands of American taxpayers into compliance and likely billions of dollars in assets into the tax system. Our immediate concern is the prospect that the government may bring criminal tax charges against persons who attempted voluntary disclosures but were later advised that pursuant to the VDP they were not timely. Such action would effectively destroy the VDP.
The individuals involved in these cases started the process of making a voluntary disclosure at various times, some in 2008 and others later. But irrespective of when or how they began, such persons did come forward in the utmost good faith and make a full and complete disclosure to the IRS of their foreign accounts. Indeed, in official statements and public presentations during 2008 and 2009, the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and other IRS and Justice Department officials explicitly encouraged them to do so. Yet, the government now may decide that based on a literal reading of the VDP these persons were too late in coming forward and should be prosecuted.
We understand that the VDP is an act of administrative grace by the IRS, creating no enforceable rights. We also understand that there are different cases with distinct facts. However, in our view, prosecuting persons who came forward in good faith during the fast moving events of late 2008 through mid-2009 would smack of trickery, like playing “gotcha.” It would undercut the credibility of the Commissioner and his office. It would be public fodder for press stories, articles and panel discussions for years.
In a practical sense, it would also change what we tell our clients. To a very large extent, we are the gatekeepers of the VDP. Clients come to us with a high level of distrust of the IRS. We routinely explain that because the IRS wants to encourage voluntary disclosures, it has treated those who come forward with fairness. Indeed, the undersigned had such conversations with thousands of clients last year, leading nearly all of them into the IRS settlement initiative. If the government now prosecutes persons who attempted good faith disclosures, we, and any other practitioner in this business, will necessarily have to change the risk assessment we provide to our clients. They will not care about the technical nuances of why certain taxpayers who attempted disclosures were prosecuted and others were not. Disclosures will likely grind to a halt.
The highly charged and uniquely visible developments in the offshore account area have put enormous pressure on the interpretation and application of the VDP. We believe that if the government moves forward in these cases, the VDP will for all practical purposes become irrelevant. Surely the government has enough ongoing offshore account criminal investigations that do not involve attempted voluntary disclosures to achieve its enforcement objectives without eviscerating a vital component of the IRS’s compliance mission at the very peak of its extraordinary recent success.
We respectfully urge the relevant decision makers to consider these views in deciding whether to recommend prosecution in cases where good faith disclosures have been attempted. Indeed, some of the signatories to this letter have clients directly implicated in this issue, and we believe that referrals in some of these cases are being reviewed at this time, with a rapid decision requested by the line attorneys. We would therefore appreciate your prompt attention to this matter.
The Honorable Michael F. Mundaca, Assistant Secretary of Tax Policy, U.S. Department of the Treasury
The Honorable William J. Wilkins, Chief Counsel, Internal Revenue Service
Steven T. Miller, Deputy Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Internal Revenue Service
Victor Song, Chief, Criminal Investigation Division, Internal Revenue Service
Rick Raven, Deputy Chief, Criminal Investigation Division, Internal Revenue Service
Karen L. Hawkins, Director, Office of Professional Responsibility, Internal Revenue Service
Edward F. Cronin, Associate Chief Counsel Criminal Tax, Internal Revenue Service
Nina E. Olson, National Taxpayer Advocate, Internal Revenue Service
Ronald A. Cimino, Acting Deputy Assistant Attorney General, U. S. Department of Justice, Tax Division
Bruce M. Salad, Acting Deputy Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, Tax Division (for certain matters)
Stuart E. Abrams Frankel & Abrams Assistant U.S. Attorney, Southern District of New York, 1982-1989 Chief of Major Crimes Unit, 1986-1988 Associate Independent Counsel (Iran-Contra), 1989-1990 Chair, ABA Section of Taxation, Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties, 2003-2005
James A. Bruton III Williams & Connolly Acting Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1992-1993 Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, 1989-1992
Larry A. Campagna Chamberlain, Hrdlicka, White, Williams & Martin Vice-Chair, ABA Section of Taxation Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties, 2009-
Caroline D. Ciraolo Rosenberg Martin Greenberg, LLP Chair, Taxation Section, Maryland State Bar Association, 2008-2009
John M. Colvin Chicoine & Hallett
Michael C. Durney Law Offices of Michael C. Durney Acting Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1987-1988 Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, 1986-1987
Gerald A. Feffer Assistant United States Attorney, Southern District of New York, 1971-1976 Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1979-1981
Lawrence S. Feld Law Office of Lawrence S. Feld Assistant United States Attorney, Southern District of New York, 1972-1975
Robert S. Fink Kostelanetz & Fink LLP Chair, ABA Section of Taxation Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties, 1983-1985
Miriam Fisher Morgan, Lewis & Bockius, LLP Special Assistant to the Assistant Attorney General, Tax Division, Department of Justice, 1989-1991
Nathan J. Hochman Bingham McCutchen LLP Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, Tax Division, 2008-2009
Lawrence S. Horn Sills Cummis & Gross P.C. Assistant United States Attorney, District of New Jersey, 1971-1978
Paula M. Junghans Zuckerman, Spaeder LLP Acting Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division 1999-2001 Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1998-1999
Barbara Kaplan Greenberg Traurig, LLP Senior Trial Attorney, Internal Revenue Service, 1975-1979
Kathryn Keneally Fulbright & Jaworski L.L.P. Council Director, ABA Section of Taxation, 2008- Chair, ABA Section of Taxation, Standards of Practice Committee, 2005-2007 Chair, ABA Section of Taxation, Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties, 2001-2003
Mark E. Matthews Morgan, Lewis & Bockius, LLP Deputy Commissioner, Services/Enforcement, Internal Revenue Service, 2003-2006 Chief, Criminal Investigation Division, Internal Revenue Service, 2000-2002 Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division 1993-1998
Robert E. McKenzie Arnstein & Lehr LLP Council Director, ABA Section of Taxation, 1998-2001
Scott D. Michel Caplin & Drysdale, Chartered Chair, ABA Section of Taxation, Standards of Practice Committee, 2009- Chair, ABA Section of Taxation, Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties, 1997-1999
Cono R. Namorato Caplin & Drysdale, Chartered Director, Office of Professional Responsibility, Internal Revenue Service, 2004-2006 Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1977-1978 Chief, Criminal Section, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1975-1977 Special Agent, Internal Revenue Service, Intelligence (now Criminal Investigation) Division, 1963-1968 Former Chair, Subcommittee on Criminal Tax Policy, ABA Section of Taxation, Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties
Roger M. Olsen Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1983-1987 Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1981-1983
Kathleen Pakenham White & Case LLP
Charles P. Rettig Hochman, Salkin, Rettig, Toscher & Perez, P.C. Chair, Committee on Civil & Criminal Tax Penalties, ABA Tax Section, 2009-
Edward M. Robbins, Jr. Hochman, Salkin, Rettig, Toscher & Perez, P.C Central District of California — Assistant United States Attorney, 1983-2004; Tax Division, Chief, 1994-2004 and Assistant Chief, 1988-1994
Richard J. Sapinski Sills Cummis & Gross, P.C. Special Trial Attorney, Internal Revenue Service, 1984-1987
Bryan C. Skarlatos Kostelanetz & Fink LLP Chair, ABA Section of Taxation, Committee on Civil and Criminal Tax Penalties, 2007-2009
William E. Taggart, Jr. Taggart & Hawkins Dean Emeritus Golden Gate University School of Law
Justin A. Thornton Law Offices of Justin Thornton Senior Trial Attorney, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1979-1987
Steven Toscher Hochman, Salkin, Rettig, Toscher & Perez, P.C. Internal Revenue Agent, 1974-1976 Trial Attorney, Department of Justice, Tax Division, 1979-1983
Josh O. Ungerman Meadows, Collier, Reed, Cousins, Crough & Ungerman L.L.P. IRS District Counsel Senior Attorney, 2002-2004 Special Assistant U.S. Attorney, Northern District of Texas, 2002-2004
M. Todd Welty Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal LLP
Bruce Zagaris Berliner Corcoran & Rowe L.L.P.
Thomas E. Zehnle Bryan Cave LLP Chief, Criminal Enforcement Section (Southern) U.S. Department of Justice, Tax Division, 2001-2004