Last month, I talked about citizens and how they can renounce their US citizenship. This month, I am focusing on another group of people who can become expatriates, known as long-term residents.
“Long-term resident” is a special term under US tax law. It looks and sounds very similar to “lawful permanent resident”, which is a term that is used to describe a type of US immigration status.
Everyone who has the immigration status of being a lawful permanent resident is automatically a US resident for tax purposes, and must pay tax on their worldwide income. Someone who has had that status for “too long” (as defined by the Internal Revenue Code) becomes a long-term resident.... continue reading
Last month, we covered a general overview of the exit tax, expatriation, and the distinction between covered and non-covered expatriates.
We will now focus on the ways in which a US citizen can expatriate, and on what date that expatriation becomes effective.
The Internal Revenue Code, or tax law, definition of a US citizen points to the definition from immigration law. This is the tax law definition of a US citizen: 1
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Every person born or naturalized in the United States and subject to its jurisdiction is a citizen. For other rules governing the acquisition of citizenship, see Chapters 1 and 2 of Title III of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 USC 1401-1459).
American minimultinationals are small (for various definitions of “small”) business enterprises subjected to the U.S. tax system.
There are many ways that a minimultinational becomes exposed to the U.S. tax system. Doing business in the United States is an obvious way. If you have an office or employees in the United States, some portion of your business profits will be taxed.
I focus here on businesses that operate mostly or entirely outside the United States but are owned by U.S. citizens or residents. This factor alone–ownership by a U.S. person–means that the business profits will be exposed to U.S. income tax, even if the business never operates in the United States.... continue reading
What do I mean by American minimultinational?
A multinational business operates in multiple countries, exposed to multiple tax-hungry governments. Apple. General Motors. Exxon.
A minimultinational is a multinational business, but smaller.
An American minimultinational is one that is owned by a U.S. citizen or resident.
Merely by having a U.S. citizen or green card holder as an owner, a business that operates 100% outside the United States is a multinational business.... continue reading
The term “exit tax” is not used or defined in the Code or regulations anywhere. It is a shorthand to describe the federal law that requires some citizens and green card holders who are leaving the US tax system to pay US tax, one last time, on their worldwide assets.
The defining feature of the exit tax is that all assets are treated as if they are sold on the day before citizenship or resident status is terminated. If there are any profits from the pretend sale, you pay tax on those profits.... continue reading